Irene Joliot-Curie (1897-1956)
Irene Joliot-Curie’s name might sound familiar, and that’s because she’s the elder daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie. Irene, like her parents, studied radioactivity. She and her husband, Frederic, collaborated on research on the structure of the atom, and discovered artificial radioactivity by bombarding aluminum, boron and magnesium with alpha particles to produce isotopes of nitrogen, phosphorus, silicon and aluminum. This earned them the Nobel Prize in chemistry, which made Marie and Irene the first parent-child couple to have independently won Nobels.