Simone de Beauvoir
As a writer, philosopher and student, Simone de Beauvoir questioned the role of women in society and forced other philosophers to do the same. With her book called The Second Sex, she abolished the difference between men and women and urged other thinkers to value both sexes the same way.
As a lifelong leaner, Marie Curie made huge contributions to science by discovering the elements Polonium and Radium and became the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics. She also introduced alternative teaching methods at Sevres, a school for girls, which relied heavily on demonstrations and experiments. Marie has two craters named after her on Mars.
A writer and a recluse, Emily Dickinson made huge contributions to the world of literature. After her death in 1886, over 2,000 of her poems were published. Her work has been compared to Henry David Thoreau and many authors still work to mirror her abilities today.
By advancing the rights of African Americans, Rosa Parks made a huge contribution to the civil rights movement in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a bus. By starting a boycott, the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on public transportation is illegal. Because of her actions, she received the Martin Luther King, Jr. Nonviolent Peace Prize.
As a political activist and reporter, Eleanor Roosevelt made it easier for women to access information about politics and even gave private interviews to female reporters. She wrote a column called "My Day" and even helped with child welfare, low-income housing and equal rights for racial minorities and women.
As the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, she let it be known that women could complete the same tasks as men. Her grand claim to fame though was the excessive press coverage in 1937 when she attempted to fly around the world and disappeared over the Pacific Ocean.
As a pioneer in the field of technology, Grace Hopper developed one of the first computer languages that was easy to understand and easy to use.
Known as one of the greatest female jazz singers of all time, Ella Fitzgerald produced hits like "Summertime," "April in Paris" and "The Nearness of You." She is also the recipient of 12 Grammy Awards as well as the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Sandra Day O’Connor
Sandra Day O’Connor is the first woman to be appointed to the position of U.S. Supreme Court Justice. She was appointed in 1981 by Ronald Reagan and retired in 2006.
Dr. Sally Ride
Sally Ride was the first American woman sent into space by NASA at the age of 32, and remains the youngest American astronaut to travel to space. After flying twice on the space shuttle Challenger, Ride left NASA in 1987. She was born in Los Angeles and studied physics.
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