There are many family vacations but camping trips can be an affordable choice and provide a host of learning experiences and memories. There's nothing like exploring the flora and fauna to teach children about the outdoors. But marshmallows and hotdogs on sticks poking into the campfire with all singing silly songs together is where most problems occur. Children and adults are fascinated by the campfire but with a little safety and prevention, campfire burns can be avoided.
Cliff Burningham, public information officer for the Unified Fire Authority, said that the No. 1 prevention measure is supervision. Here are five more tips for avoiding an unpleasant memory from your campfire experience:
1. Teach safety before you light the fire. It's important for children of all ages to know basic campfire safety. Although supervision is key, drawing a circle around the planned fire and explaining the safety zone to children to keep behind is key.
2. Make sure you have the basics covered means for containing the fire and putting it out in case of an emergency. Simply rocks in a circle and having a bucket of water available is a good practice.
3. Keep fires manageable. The National Forest Service says never use logs bigger than your fire pit. Keep twigs and branches inside the pit as well.
4. Keep surroundings safe. Make sure that twigs and branches or other flammable items are kept outside of the 5 foot radius of the fire pit. Sparks can fly up and ignite dry brush quickly.
5. Put the fire out. When it's time to leave, make sure you put the fire out completely. Smoldering logs can burn up to 24 hours. Use water when possible to wet the space and surroundings.
If someone happens to get burned during the experience, treat them with first aid as follows...
1. Cool the burn. Pouring water on the skin can help stop the burn from burning but be sure to use room temperature water ( not cold ).
2. Remove burned clothing. You don't want burning clothing to continue to burn the skin. Carefully remove burned clothing unless it's attached to the wound. Cool the clothing with water and keep the wound covered with fresh, clean topping (gauze) if possible.
3. Seek medical attention. Any blistering or open flesh wound should be attended to by a physician. Second and third degree burns can dehydrate a person, but they may be in shock and water may make them vomit. Proceed with caution on giving fluids.
Make your campfire safe by keeping children and adults from a safe distance to the fire. Preventing burns is easier than treating them.
It starts with a simple pinch, prick or touch that leads to itching, scratching and annoying pain. But which bug bites should you worry about? Here's a few simple tips to keep in mind when bugs bite.
The Mosquito - Typically pretty harmless bite producing a small red, round bump with itching and some irritation.
Why you should care? Mosquito bites can spread the West Nile virus but it's only in 1% of the cases and extremely rare. If a mosquito bite starts to burn or blister 5 to 15 days after a typical mosquito bite. Other symptoms include fever, swollen glands, skin rash and head and body aches. A severe case may lead to encephalitis, high fever and convulsions.
Bed Bugs - You wouldn't feel these buggers when they are lying next to you, but you'll feel the itchy, reaction 24 hours and up to 3 days later. Their saliva is what most people is allergic to rather than the bug bite.
Why you should care? Bed bugs are mainly active at night and feed on the host - you! So clean cool bedding should prevail.
Spider Bites - There are only a few species of spiders that are deadly in the United States. A typical spider bite may or may not be painful but within 30-40 minutes, a redness or swollen area may appear.
Why you should care? Brown recluse spider bites are rare but some people feel a small sting followed immediately by a sharp pain, while others don't realize they've gotten a bug bite until hours later — in four to eight hours If you are unsure where or when the bite occurred and experience severe pain, abdominal cramping or a growing ulcer at the bite site, you should seek medical attention. Other severe reactions include loss of consciousness and breath.
Migraines are a common disease that affect 36 million people in the United States. About 18 percent of women and 6 percent of men suffer from migraines. They are the epitome of the common headache. Migraines can be triggered by a lot of different things including hormonal changes in women, food, drinks, stress, and changes in one’s wake-sleep patterns.
Most migraines involve the trigeminal nerve. This nerve’s primary responsibility is for transmitting sensations from the face to the brain. Its superior (highest part) branch ends at the exit of the eye socket, underneath the skin of the forehead. This is why light flickers may accompany migraines as well as facial pain.
The FDA recently approved Cefaly, a certified medical device that is designed to help treat and prevent migraine headaches. Cefaly can considerably reduce or replace the side effects from traditional migraine medications. It is the first electrotherapeutic device to acquire medical certification proven effective on migraine pain with no side effects.
With many people wanting to avoid taking daily medications to prevent migraines, this may be an option.
Losing weight may be the best way to eliminate knee pain. A recent study showed that arthroscopic surgeries may not alleviate knee pain down the line.
In a review of many different studies on arthroscopic knee surgery, as little as three months after surgery, patients claimed reoccurring knee pain. Moreover, surgery can have dangerous side-effects including blood clots and infection that could lead to more serious conditions. There are more than 4 million knee arthroscopy procedures done worldwide with 700,000 of them in the U.S. alone according to the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention shares knee pain has become very common with more than 5.7 million visits to the doctor for knee pain each year. But losing weight may be the key to eliminating many types of knee pain. Knees support the bulk of the weight on the body and for even a 5 pound weight loss can reduce pressure in the knee up to 5 times or 25 pounds of weight.
Even pain relievers like acetaminophen do not help with knee pain caused by arthritis. Strengthening the muscles around the joint is suggested.
It looks like a solution has been found for the growing problem of antibiotic resistance - and the cure might all come down to an ancient Viking drink!
Scientists in Sweden have formulated a new drink derived from a “mead” recipe. For those who don't know, mead is an alcoholic beverage made of honey and water that was apparently a favorite of the Vikings and considered a cure for many ails even back then!
The new beverage, known as Honey Hunter’s Elixir, contains lactic-acid bacteria and wild yeasts that in previous studies have been found to be effective against resistant pathogens. Unlike in commercial honey, the pathogen-killing bacteria and yeasts are not sterilized so that drinkers can reap the full health benefits.
While more tests and research have to be conducted, we are pretty excited about what this breakthrough could mean for global health and countries where antibiotics are not readily available!
We'll drink to that.