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Home Health First Aid Pediatric First Aid

Pediatric First Aid

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Accidents Will Happen, Outcome Ruled by Preparedness

Though this is probably the last thing you want to think about, if you are on a camping trip and your child falls on a stick that impales them, what do you do? Or if someone has a severe cut that is gushing blood, a broken bone, or a burn how do you make it better? If you are the only one around, or others are too frightened to attempt aid you have to step in. But what are the differences in general help and giving children first aid?

Pediatric First Aid Every Parent Should Know

Because they are smaller, there needs to be more care taken. Say you are out hiking with your preteen son one day, and he falls and breaks his lower leg. The bone is not protruding, but the break is obvious. You are in a somewhat remote area, so your cellphone doesn't work. First aid training for children is essential right now. There is probably very little internal bleeding, but you would want to elevate the leg anyway. This will take some of the pressure off and reduce the pain. Depending on the size of the child, you need to find something that will act as a splint (two solid tree limbs would work well and some strips of cloth) and also find a crutch. Realize that the real danger here is shock. Be positive. Remind the child that you are close to safety. Keep talking in a calm, reassuring tone. If you are frightened, they will also be scared.

The above scenario is common. It is possible that you could be the only one present that can administer pediatric first aid. For this reason, you need to be prepared. Always carry a small first aid kit with you when you are in a remote region. A small kit, which you can carry comfortably in a backpack will not contain all of the items that a home first aid kit does. But if you are judicious, it can make getting to safety much easier. Some of the essential items are: acetaminophen, antibiotic cream, calamine lotion (or another poison ivy remedy), prescription medications, sunscreen, bandages, sharp scissors, a knife (large enough to cut splints from trees), plastic gloves, a spoon, adhesive tape, tweezers, alcohol wipes, matches, a flashlight (with new batteries) and a blanket. All of these items could be needed in an emergency situation, so it would be foolish to travel without them. They all can fit easily into a pocket in your backpack. All of these items should be kept together in case you need them.

Pediatric first aid can be more dangerous, because children will fear the unknown more than an adult. Making sure that they stay calm is paramount. Reassure them constantly, and defeat any fears by being confident yourself. If you are near medical services, call immediately for help. Always have a fully charged cellphone with you. It can be an important lifeline. Even if you are in a remote area, a cellphone may work. Also ask the child to help. If he is involved and distracted, he will remain calmer.

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