Around the turn of the last century, people started to catch on to the idea that maybe every citizen of a country, regardless of their gender, is entitled to a fair vote. The suffrage movement is still far from over, as many countries only recently lifted their ban on female voters.
The global push for universal voting rights began in New Zealand around 1893 when then Governor Lord Glasgow signed the new Electoral Act into law. Led by renowned equal rights advocate and president of the National Council of Women Kate Sheppard, women's suffrage was seen as a radical change in the political structure among other self-governing democracies, who were still decades away from their own equal voting laws.
Following World War I, Great Britain was entering the 20th century with a new outlook and political attitude. Suffrage was a political movement that lost some of its steam when the war broke out, but was reestablished as a political priority shortly after the war ended.
Although voting rights for women were far from universal, it was the first suffrage movement to take hold in a major world power. All women over 21 would later be granted voting rights by the Representation of the People Act in the year 1928.
Before the 1920s, women in Japan were excluded from all aspects of political life, including joining political parties or even expressing their political opinions. The Tokyo Federation of Women's Organizations was formed in 1923 and consisted of 43 organizations that fought for the rights of women.
Following the U.S. occupation of Japan in 1945, women were no longer excluded from political participation and women over the age of 20 were granted the right to vote.
Following World War II, the feminist movement in Egypt was diversified.
The latest country to join the suffrage party was Saudi Arabia. The Middle East superpower is notorious for its ongoing mistreatment of women, and the campaign to register female voters in 2011 failed.
That same year, however, King Abdullah announced that women would be allowed to participate in the 2015 election by both voting and running for office.
On a night overcast by the tragedy of the Paris attacks, the second Democratic primary debate on November 13, 2015 was understandably a somber affair.
Reportedly 8.5 million viewers tuned in - that's almost half the audience of the first Democratic debate. Those who did watch got an unsatisfactory performance from the usually energetic two front-runners, Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders. Some even noted underdog Martin O'Malley's debate performance proves he shouldn't be discounted as a contender. On social media, it was Bernie Sanders who came out ahead, gaining the most new Twitter followers.
So how did Sanders slow Clinton's momentum, at least online? After the first debate, everyone was praising Clinton's performance, even Donald Trump! Well, national security dominated the debate, as well as differences in dealings with Wall Street. Unlike Hillary Clinton's poised performance in the first debate, the former Secretary of State seemed shaken up and even delivered some questionable lines that blew up on social media.
Here is what you need to know about the biggest social media moment of the debate.
Photo Credit: Getty
The Clinton/Sanders Wall Street Debate was the top social media moment from the Iowa debate, according to Facebook. Sanders pounced on Clinton, saying "Why, over her political career, has Wall Street been the major campaign contributor to Hillary Clinton? Maybe they're dumb and they don't know what they're gonna get, but I don't think so.”
Clinton responded that she was proud to have thousands of supporters, continuing "I represented New York, and I represented New York on 9/11 when we were attacked. Where were we attacked? We were attacked in downtown Manhattan where Wall Street is. I did spend a whole lot of time and effort helping [Wall Street] rebuild. That was good for New York. It was good for the economy, and it was a way to rebuke the terrorists who had attacked our country.” Awkward, and apparently not the right thing to say in light of the Paris attacks.
Social media blew up.
RNC Chairman Reince Priebus tweeted, “@HillaryClinton, you reached a new low tonight by using 9/11 to defend your campaign donations."
Why Hillary lost the debate: there's consensus on the left that playing the 9/11 card was too Giuliani-esque. 202: https://t.co/RbBgZh94wf.— James Hohmann (@jameshohmann) November 15, 2015
This is appalling on every last level https://t.co/6u5pv0oV7O— Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) November 15, 2015
Despite the bump in the road, Hillary Clinton still appears to be the Democratic Party's front-runner according to polls, but it'll be interesting to see if more Democrats wary of Wall Street start to "feel the Bern" in the upcoming debates.
The fight for universal voting rights isn't an exclusively American story. Every country on Earth has gone through, or is currently going through; it's own version of women's suffrage.
Here are some of the women that pushed for that change and helped create a better world for women everywhere.
(Photo Credit: aucegypt.edu)
(1908-1975) In addition to storming parliament and enacting weeks-long hunger strikes to force change in her country, Doria Shafik lived out the later part of her life as a political prisoner under house arrest. Her sacrifices and bravery helped earn women the right to vote in Egypt and paved the way for modern political movements taking place in the country.
(Photo Credit: euractiv.com)
Before becoming Chairman of National League for Democracy Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest for 15 years. She's since bounced back in a huge way, announcing a run for president in Myanmar’s 2015 election.
(Photo Credit: rtve.es)
(1888-1972) An early fighter for women's voting rights in Europe, Clara Compoamor helped found the International Federation of Female Lawyers and advocated for strict child labor laws. When her own party opposed women’s right to vote, she switched sides, eventually becoming a political outcast, and fled the country during Spanish Civil War.
The biggest struggle for women's suffrage is currently happening in Saudi Arabia.
For the first time this year, women will be allowed to vote and run for office in the Saudi government.
As a highly regarded women’s rights activist in Saudi Arabia, Dr. Hatoon Ajwad al-Fassi is a leader in the country's democratic movement, currently fighting for voter education and civil rights.
Photo Credit: Getty
The second Democratic Debate has come and gone. Here's a look at the three biggest reveals from the night.
Clinton made her case early as being the best suited for the title "Commander in Chief," citing her experience as Secretary of State as giving her the ability to coordinate between allies and undermine terrorist organizations. Despite having the most hawkish approach toward violent extremism on the debate stage, Clinton came under fire from her GOP counterparts on Twitter, many of them claiming the former Secretary was not doing enough.
Yes, we are at war with radical Islamic terrorism. #DemDebate— Jeb Bush (@JebBush) November 15, 2015
We need a President who will see and speak and act on the truth...Hillary Clinton will not call this Islamic terrorism. I will.— Carly Fiorina (@CarlyFiorina) November 15, 2015
Rather than disputing Clinton's experience in combating terrorism, Senator Bernie Sanders refocused the conversation to climate change, arguing environmental degradation is the greatest threat to our country's safety. Governor Martin O'Malley questioned Clinton's success record as Secretary of State, pointing out the deteriorating state of affairs in countries like Syria, Libya and Iraq.
While many of the attacks during the debate focused on Hillary Clinton, Senator Sanders became the target when it came to the subject of gun control.
Clinton went on the offensive to differentiate herself from Sanders by explaining, "Senator Sanders had a different vote than I did when it came to giving immunity to gun makers and sellers."
O'Malley called on his experience to indicate his record of fighting back against the gun lobby, arguing, "In my own state, after the children in that Connecticut classroom were gunned down, we passed comprehensive gun safety legislation with background checks, ban on assault weapons, and Senator, I think we do need to repeal that immunity that you granted to the gun industry."
Bernie Sanders' call for a change in what he calls a "rigged financial system" has been a message he has successfully used to galvanize his strong base of supporters.
During the debate, Sanders held nothing back as he argued: "Wall Street today has enormous economic and political power. Their business model is greed and fraud. And for the sake of our economy, the major banks must be broken up."
Both Clinton and O'Malley have accepted Super PAC donations, something Sanders has adamantly turned down. Making financial reform central to his message, Sanders is separating himself from the other candidates and painting a clearer picture of how his administration would be different from others.
In addition to an open discussion on the country's biggest issues, election season also provides some quality entertainment. We're still a year out from the next election, but we already have a great batch of videos that have come out of the election's funniest moments so far.
Following the 'Summer of Trump,' people were ready to see some other candidates taking jabs at the GOP frontrunner, who had spent months stealing headlines at the center of all election coverage. Hillary Clinton's impression of Trump in this SNL skit was a refreshing break from the Donald domination we'd been living under up to this point.
Jeb Bush kicked off his campaign with an announcement assist from Jimmy Fallon on the Tonight Show. The slow jam went viral overnight, giving the candidate an online boost that would prove difficult to recapture.
There was a lot of hype leading up to Donald Trump's hosting of Saturday Night Live. Among the many stories surrounding the GOP candidate's appearance was an offer of $5,000 to any audience member who called The Donald a racist during the show, an offer Larry David found too good to refuse.
Carly Fiorina has a lot of ground to cover if she wants to catch up with the GOP frontrunners, but her appearance on Late Night with Seth Meyers definitely gave her a boost. Her relaxed demeanor and diss of the show's host gave voters a better look at one of the race's lesser known candidates.
Election season always means a new batch of entertaining content from Bad Lip Reading, a YouTube channel that's targeted everything from Twilight to the NFL. Their version of the first GOP debate gave us one of their best videos to date.