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cprModified CPR Recommendations for Infants and Children

If your infant was blue and non responsive would you know what to do?  What if you found your child lifeless on the floor? Would you know how to resuscitate them?  These are by far the most frightening situations parents can face! And in reality many parents have no clue how to save their child!  Of course administering CPR would be the best course of action if your CPR certified!   But even being familiar with CPR procedures, did you know there's proper Infant and child CPR procedure that are different from adult CPR techniques?   A number of parents don't!

New CPR Guidelines Are Giving Children A Second Chance

Don't take chances with your Childs life using old CRP methods! The American Heart Association, which is responsible for Public and Professional CPR training and certifications, anticipates this dilemma and therefore publicize new CPR guidelines.  This is to ensure the proper CPR techniques for adults; children and infants are properly administered accordingly.   Investigate the new CPR guidelines the AHA highly recommends as the best techniques to save your infant or child's life!

With the different challenges parents face taking CPR classes is a proactive way to ensure your children's safety. But if you don't stay abreast of new changes to the proper CPR procedures in terms of children and infants, your CPR certification is basically worthless.  The most common myth about CPR is adult "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation" techniques can be use on children and infants. This couldn't be furthest from the truth!

This is why the AHA highly recommends following up frequently on revised CPR techniques after completing CPR class.  The AHA makes specific changes to infant CPR techniques that are faster in response and more effective on children.    Take a look at the differences in adult CPR techniques from the new CPR guidelines for children and infants.

  • CPR Response Time - Typically adult CPR procedures require the first CPR certified person to asses the scene and request immediate notification of emergency services (i.e. "call 911). However in children AHA requires at least one CPR cycle or two minutes or resuscitation techniques before contacting emergency services. And for infants AHA recommends at least two CPR cycles prior to calling 911. The response time in administering CPR for a child or infant is much faster than with adults, thereby ensuring infant or child resuscitation.
  • Clearing the airway - This is very critical for infants since the procedure is basically the same for children ages 1 to adults. With infants the possibility of accidently breaking the child's neck is high there for a slight tilt is required. Also CPR training suggests that using a 2 inch towel row under the base of the infants' neck is ideal for support. If time permits roll a small bath towel to support the infants neck.
  • Compression to breathe Ratio - The number of chest compression to the number of artificial breaths administered to a child is 30:2 with 100 breaths per one minute cycles.
  • Force of chest compressions - Adult CPR techniques recommend using both hands placing the heel of one hand between the nipples and compressing with a force strong enough to depress the chest at least 1 to 1 ½ inches into the chest cavity. In children the hand position is the same however the depth is no more than 1/3 of the chest depth. On the other hand, CPR for Infants requires a two finger compression method one-third the depth positioned center and just below the nipples.

In the event your child needs CPR, equipping yourself with current CPR techniques is essential!  Contact your local American Heart Association field office, sign up for CPR classes and equip your family with the assurance you're compliant with new CPR techniques.

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