Arbor Day is the last Friday of April every year, but in Nebraska, as a state holiday, schools and offices are closed. Organizations who save or replant Arbor Day trees or use award-winning ecological practices for their service are honored around the nation.
History of Arbor Day
The history of Arbor Day began in 1854, when a Detroit man named J Sterling Morton was concerned about the lack of trees in Nebraska. Sterling's arguments about a tree's importance led to him to start a movement toward planting as many trees as he could around his house.
But, he wanted the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture in 1872 to honor the purpose of trees like he did. He was able to receive support in order to surface a holiday focused on planting trees, which led to celebrating and giving awards to neighborhoods or people in the community who could plant the largest amount of trees in a single day. The Arbor Day Foundation continues his mission every year to this day.
Why We Need Trees
- No trees means no photosynthesis, the process that not only keeps plants alive, but provides oxygen for every animal on earth.
- Forest ecosystems would collapse, causing some animal species who depend on trees to survive (habitats, eating from them, hiding from predators) would also be eliminated.
- Roots from trees restrain a lot of soil from sliding into rivers and polluting them.
- Without leaves covering our heads in the hot summers, we would be unable to cope with the heat outside for very long. This is also why many buildings are creating rooftop landscapes to eliminate the overheating of buildings (and to save energy too).