My dad had lung cancer. My client had breast cancer. My friend's mom had ovarian cancer. They all died.
With the number of people who are diagnosed with cancer each year, there is a good chance you or someone you know is walking around without even knowing that cancer will soon be entering your life. The reality is that according to the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 1,665,540 new cancer cases diagnosed and a staggering 585,720 cancer deaths in the US.
Cancer remains the second most common cause of death in the U.S., accounting for nearly 1 out of every 4 deaths.
Here is a list of the top killer cancers and the screenings that could save the life of someone you love. Remember men and women with a genetic history of cancer ( ie. immediate family members, aunts, uncles, grandparents, etc.) are considered high risk and should have screenings done sooner than these guidelines.
Lung Cancer is the most common form of cancer causing death in both females and males.
Screening: The USPSTF recommends annual screenings for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in adults aged 55 to 80 years who have a 30 pack-year smoking history and currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years.
Screenings should be discontinued once a person has not smoked for 15 years or develops a health problem that substantially limits life expectancy or the ability to have curative lung surgery.
Prostate Cancer is the second most common form of cancer causing deaths in males.
Screening: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against prostate-specific antigen (PSA-based) screenings for prostate cancer.
Breast Cancer is the second most common form of cancer causing deaths in females.
Women, Age 50-74 Years : The USPSTF recommends biennial screening mammography for women 50-74 years.
Women, Before the Age of 50 Years : The decision to start regular, biennial screening mammography before the age of 50 years should be an individual one and take patient context into account, including the patient's values regarding specific benefits and harms. The USPSTF recommends against routinely providing the service. There may be considerations that support providing the service in an individual patient. There is at least moderate certainty that the net benefit is small.
Women, 75 Years and Older : The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of screening mammography in women 75 years and older.
Colon & Rectum is the third most common form of cancer deaths for both males and females.
Screenings: Adults, beginning at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years. The USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer using fecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy in adults, beginning at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years. The risks and benefits of these screening methods vary.